Who invented the printing press?

Question: Who invented the printing press?

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Johannes Gutenberg.

The printing press was invented by Johannes Gutenberg, a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher. Gutenberg’s invention, which dates back to around 1440, is considered one of the most significant in human history due to its profound impact on the spread of knowledge and literacy.

Before the printing press, books were primarily copied by hand or using block printing techniques, processes that were time-consuming, expensive, and prone to errors. Gutenberg’s innovation was developing a system of movable type: individual pieces of metal type that could be arranged and rearranged to form the text of a page.

This, combined with the use of a mechanized press similar to those used in wine production, allowed for the mass production of printed books. The most famous product of Gutenberg’s press was the Gutenberg Bible, also known as the 42-line Bible, one of the earliest major books printed using mass-produced movable metal type.

Gutenberg’s printing press marked the start of the Gutenberg Revolution and the age of printed books, which played a key role in the development of the Renaissance, the Reformation, and the Scientific Revolution. It laid the material basis for the modern knowledge-based economy and the spread of learning to the masses.