Edward Whymper was the first man to climb which mountain?

Question: Edward Whymper was the first man to climb which mountain?

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The Matterhorn.

Edward Whymper, an English mountaineer, illustrator, and author, is best known for being the first person to successfully ascend the Matterhorn, one of the highest peaks in the European Alps.

The ascent took place on July 14, 1865, marking a significant event in the history of mountaineering. The Matterhorn, located in the Swiss-Italian border, stands at 4,478 meters (approximately 14,692 feet) and is known for its distinctive, pyramid-like shape. During the 19th century, it was considered one of the most difficult mountains to climb and the last great Alpine peak to be conquered.

Whymper’s successful ascent was the culmination of several attempts. His team, which consisted of seven climbers, chose to approach the summit from the Swiss side. The triumph was, however, marred by tragedy. While descending, four members of the team fell to their deaths when a rope connecting the climbers broke. Whymper and the two remaining climbers survived.

The event, besides establishing Whymper’s place in mountaineering history, had a profound impact on safety practices in the sport. It led to a reevaluation of climbing techniques and equipment, with an increased focus on safety.

Edward Whymper’s legacy extends beyond his successful summit of the Matterhorn. He made significant contributions to mountaineering and his detailed accounts of his climbs, especially his book “Scrambles Amongst the Alps”, remain influential in the field.