Mangifera indica is the scientific name of the tree that produces which fruit?

Question: Mangifera indica is the scientific name of the tree that produces which fruit?

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The mango.

Mangifera indica is the scientific name for the tree commonly known as the mango tree. The mango is renowned worldwide for its juicy, sweet fruit, which is also the national fruit of India, Pakistan, and the Philippines, and the national tree of Bangladesh.

The mango tree, a native of South Asia, particularly the Indian subcontinent, has been cultivated for thousands of years. Historical records suggest that mangos have been grown in India for more than 4,000 years, and Buddhist monks are believed to have introduced the fruit to other regions of Asia. Portuguese traders later expanded its cultivation to Africa, Brazil, and Mexico during the 15th and 16th centuries.

Mango trees thrive in a warm, tropical climate and are now found in many frost-free tropical and subtropical regions around the globe. These evergreen trees can grow to a considerable height and width, offering not only fruit but also shade and ornamental beauty. They bear fruit annually, with some varieties producing fruit twice a year.

The fruit itself is botanically classified as a drupe, with a fleshy outer part surrounding a shell, which in turn encases a single seed. Mangoes come in a range of colors including yellow, orange, red, and green, with a flavor profile that varies from sweet to tart. The texture of the flesh can also vary significantly among different cultivars, from soft and pulpy to firm and fibrous.

Mangoes are not only prized for their delightful taste but also for their nutritional value. They are rich in vitamins, particularly vitamin C, and contain other beneficial nutrients and antioxidants. The versatility of the fruit is also notable; it can be eaten raw or used in a myriad of culinary creations, including chutneys, pickles, juices, smoothies, salads, and desserts.

In addition to their fruit, mango trees are also valued for their hardy wood, which can be used in construction and furniture-making, and their leaves, which are often used for decorations and are significant in various cultural rituals and ceremonies.

In summary, Mangifera indica, the mango tree, not only offers a beloved fruit but also has a deep cultural significance and provides various practical uses, making it a treasured species in many parts of the world.