In which country is the Taj Mahal found?

Question: In which country is the Taj Mahal found?

Show answer


The Taj Mahal, an emblematic monument of profound beauty and historical significance, is located in India. More precisely, it stands on the south bank of the Yamuna River in the city of Agra, in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh.

Constructed between 1632 and 1653 under the patronage of Shah Jahan, the fifth emperor of the Mughal Dynasty, the Taj Mahal is a mausoleum built in memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died during childbirth. The monument’s name itself is derived from her name, which means “Crown of Palaces” in Persian.

The Taj Mahal is widely celebrated for its architectural magnificence and aesthetic appeal. It represents the zenith of Mughal architecture, combining elements from Persian, Islamic, and Indian architectural styles. The structure is built primarily of white marble, which gives it a lustrous appearance and causes it to reflect hues of pink at dawn, white during the day, and golden under the moonlight. This changing color palette adds to the Taj Mahal’s allure, drawing millions of visitors from around the world each year.

The complex includes a large garden with a reflecting pool that leads to the tomb’s main gateway. The mausoleum itself stands on a square plinth and features a symmetrical design with an iwan, an arch-shaped doorway, topped by a large dome and finial. The interior houses the cenotaphs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan.

Aside from its stunning design, the Taj Mahal is also known for its intricate craftsmanship. The surfaces are elaborately adorned with inlaid semi-precious stones, forming intricate patterns and calligraphic inscriptions. The precision and detail of the artwork are testaments to the skill of the artisans of the time.

The Taj Mahal’s significance extends beyond its architectural splendor; it is a symbol of love and loss, a masterpiece of art, and a revered historical treasure. In 1983, it was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage.”